WOOD PRODUCTS/FURNITURE MANUFACTURING
|Company|| Shafer Commercial Seating
4101 East 48th Avenue
Denver, CO 80216-3298
|Person to Contact||Irwin Suson, Plant Manager
Telephone: (303) 322-7792
|Product or Service||Chairs and other furniture for hotels and restaurants|
|Number of Employees||168|
|Waste Stream Targeted||Paint-related Waste|
|Original System||Solvent-based Topcoat Lacquers are used in finishing wood furniture. Typical solvent-based lacquers contain 60% to 80% volatile organic compounds (VOCs), many of which are also listed as hazardous air pollutants (HAPs).|
(with P2 Modifications)
|Waterborne Topcoat Lacquers. In waterborne coatings, water, in conjunction with an organic solvent (2 to 30 percent), acts as the carrying medium. Use of waterborne topcoat lacquers significantly reduces the use of VOCs and HAPs. Since waterborne lacquers dry more slowly, infrared (IR) drying ovens were added. (Waterborne coatings can also be air-dried, but this will slow down production.) With the addition of the drying ovens, production capacity will actually increase significanly.|
|Initial Equipment Costs||(4) IR ovens were purchased and installed for ~200,000. A new conveyor system was added for ~$100,000. Stainless steel equipment modifications (new pumps, lines, guns, to prevent rust problems) cost $30,000.|
|Operating Cost Savings||The new system will allow them to nearly double their production rate (and sales).|
|Material Cost Savings||Solvent-based topcoat lacquers cost $10.50/gallon. Waterborne topcoat lacquers cost $16.00/gallon. For each coating, 12 chairs can be coated/gallon using solvent-based lacquer. 16-18 chairs can be coated/gallon using waterborne lacquer. Therefore, the cost per chair is nearly the same: $.87/chair for solvent-based and $.94/chair for waterborne. However, water-based topcoat lacquers eliminate the use of solvent-based lacquer thinners as a thinning agent/cleaner which will also be a substantial cost savings (not yet quantified).|
|Payback Period||Because of the increased production rates allowed by the new system, the overall payback period will be about 3 years.|
|Major Benefits|| Reduced VOC emissions from 80 tons/year to 1 ton/year(HAPs
reduction was not quantified).
Reduced fire hazard.
Improved worker health and safety, liability reduction.
Positive business image.
|Obstacles||Conventional application processes can be used. However, employee
training and adjustment is required.
Equipment needs to be corrosion resistant i.e., plastic or stainless steel.
Equipment may need to be cleaned immediately after use.
Wood grain raising can be a problem. Shafer has resolved this problem by sanding the wood surface after applying the first coating followed by application of a second coating.
Increased drying times, or significant capital expenditures for drying ovents. (In this case, IR ovens reduced drying times and increased production capacity).
Humidity must be controlled (33-35%).
Waterborne coatings can be more difficult to repair.
|Time Since Implementation||1 month. (1/23/96)|
|Source/Supplier||Colorado Paint Company
4747 N. Holly, Denver, CO
Telephone: (303) 388-9265
|Main Reason Implemented||Reduce VOC and HAPs emissions and associated regulatory burdens and
Improve employee health and safety.
|Key to Success in Making this P2 Modification||Management support/commitment to Pollution Prevention.
Employee involvement, training in P2 modifications.
Created by Lighthouse Communications Group, LLC.
Edited for use on this site by Ronald Lee Still and posted with permission of CDPHE.