|Summary of Selected Environmental Laws and Regulations Applicable to Massachusetts Manufacturers|
|This chapter summarizes the laws and regulations that apply to each type of environmental emission, as well as the laws and regulations that address a manufacturer's use or release of chemicals|
his section provides a brief overview of the federal and state environmental statutes and regulations that may apply to Massachusetts manufacturers. For further information about environmental programs, please consult the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) hotline contacts, which are provided at the end of this chapter; the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (DEP); the Massachusetts Office of Technical Assistance, which provides confidential assistance; or other regulatory agencies, such as local sewer authorities, where appropriate.1 Legal counsel should be consulted for a formal interpretation or clarification of any statute or regulation, or for advice as to whether a particular manufacturer is subject to a given regulatory program.
As described in Volume II, Chapter 1, "A Summary of Environmental Laws and Regulations Applicable to Metal Finishing Shops in Massachusetts," a manufacturer may have several types of environmental emissions: air emissions, wastewater discharges, and hazardous waste. This chapter summarizes the laws and regulations that apply to each type of environmental emission, as well as the laws and regulations that address a manufacturer's use or release of chemicals.
I. INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER DISCHARGES
The Federal Water Pollution Control Act, commonly referred to as the Clean Water Act2 (CWA), regulates both direct and indirect industrial discharges of pollutants3 to the nation's surface waters. It also regulates stormwater runoff from certain industrial operations.
The National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) program4 controls direct discharges into navigable waters from "point sources" such as pipes and sewers. NPDES permits contain industry-specific, technology-based and/or water quality-based limits and establish pollutant monitoring and reporting requirements. In Massachusetts, the NPDES permit program is administered by the EPA. Direct dischargers to surface water in Massachusetts may be required to obtain a second permit, from the DEP5; surface water discharge standards may vary depending on the particular body of water involved. In general, the approval procedure for a direct discharge into navigable waters in Massachusetts is costly and protracted.
Volume 1 - Chapter 5
|index / resources / tools / case studies|
|introduction / profile / production / implementation / laws & regulations|
Created by the Environmental Integration Initiative