Fabric Formation

The major methods for fabric manufacture are weaving and knitting. Weaving, or interlacing yarns, is the most common process used to create fabrics. Weaving mills classified as broadwoven mills consume the largest portion of textile fiber and produce the raw textile material from which most textile products are made. Narrow wovens, nonwovens, and rope are also produced primarily for use in industrial applications. Narrow wovens include fabrics less than 12 inches in width, and nonwovens include fabrics bonded by mechanical, chemical or other means. Knitting is the second most frequently used method of fabric construction. The popularity of knitting has increased in use due to the increased versatility of techniques, the adaptability of manmade fibers, and the growth in consumer demand for wrinkle-resistant, stretchable, snug-fitting fabrics. Manufacturers of knit fabrics also consume a sizable amount of textile fibers. Knit fabrics are generally classified as either weft knit (circular-knit goods) or warp knit (flatknit goods). Tufting is a process used to make most carpets.