Finishing

Finishing encompasses chemical or mechanical treatments performed on fiber, yarn or fabric to improve appearance, texture or performance. Mechanical finishes can involve brushing, ironing or other physical treatments used to increase the luster and feel of textiles. Application of chemical finishes to textiles can impart a variety of properties ranging from decreasing static cling to increasing flame resistance. The most common chemical finishes are those that ease fabric care, such as the permanent press, soil-release and stain-resistant finishes. Chemical finishes are usually followed by drying, curing and cooling steps. Application of chemical finishes are often done in conjunction with mechanical finishing steps (Snowden-Swan, 1995).

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