Proceedings of the 2000 Conference

Y2K Composting in the Southeast

October 9 – 11, 2000, Charlottesville, Virginia


Edited By:

Craig S. Coker

NC Division of Pollution Prevention

and Environmental Assistance


Sponsored By:


Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Virginia Cooperative Extension

University of Georgia


North Carolina Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance

U.S. EPA Region IV Office of Solid Waste & Emergency Response


Water Environment Federation

Hampton Roads Sanitation District

Virginia Poultry Federation

Center for Organizational and Technological Advancement


Recyc Systems

Greif Brothers

Grind All

ERTH Products

Packer Industries

Huck’s Hen Blend

McGill Environmental Systems

RKB Enterprises

Earth Systems & Solutions



Published By:

NC Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance


For Additional Copies:

Composting in the Southeast, c/o Greg Evanylo

Biological and Agricultural Engineering

Virginia Tech University

421 Smyth Hall, Blacksburg, VA 24061-0403

Phone: (540) 231-9739,

Make checks payable to Virginia Tech University, $15.00 per copy




Entire Conference - Exactly as it appears on our CD version. 




“Odor:  Quantification and Health Impacts”

            Dr. Susan Schiffman, Duke University Medical School


“Composting Trends in the Southeast”

            N. Goldstein, Biocycle Magazine

“The 21st Century Organics Revolution”

            M. Kessler, TIA Solid Waste Management Consultants

“The North Carolina Compost Promotional Initiative”

            R. Alexander, R. Alexander Associates, Inc.


“Residual Effect of Municipal Solid Waste & Biosolids Compost on Snap Beans Production”

            M. Ozores-Hampton, T. Obreza, and P. Stoffella, University of Florida

“Effects of Compost on the Growth of Fraser Fir Christmas Trees in North Carolina”

            G. Peregrim, E&A Environmental Consultants

            L. E. Hinesley, North Carolina State University

“Subsurface Injection Versus Surface Application of Composted Municipal Solid Waste in Cotton Production”

A. Kahlilian, R. Williamson, M. Sullivan, J. Mueller, and F. Wolak, Clemson University


“Composting Food Wastes at the 1999 Special Olympics World Summer Games”

C. Salter, Soil FoodWeb, Inc.

C. Coker, NC Division of Pollution Prevention & Environmental Assistance

“The MCPLANT Master Composter Volunteer Program In Charlotte, North
Carolina:  Stop Preaching to the Choir, Turn the Choir into Missionaries”

C.     Boekelheide and A. Gill, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Waste Reduction

“In-Vessel Food Residual Composting”

            B. Broom, RKB Enterprises


“Soil Amendments for Roadside Vegetation in Virginia”

G. Evanylo, J. N. Booze-Daniels, W. L. Daniels, and K. Haering, Virginia Tech University

“Erosion Control and Environmental Uses For Compost”

            R. Tyler, Green Horizons

            B. Stinson, Grind-All

            W. King, ERTH Products

“Effects of Composted Organic Materials on the Growth Factors for Hardwood and Softwood Tree Seedlings”

            J. Bonnette, Cheogh Ranger District, National Park Service

            R. Green, T. Grist, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency


“Composting Biosolids in Virginia:  Case Studies of Three Facilities”

E. Epstein and C. Alix, E&A Environmental Consultants

M. Maiden, Town of Abingdon, Virginia

C. Poe, Harrisonburg-Rockingham Regional Sewer Authority

N. Wescoat, Rivanna Water & Sewer Authority

“Medium-to-Large Scale Vermicomposting Systems”

            R. Sherman-Huntoon, North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension

“Composting Operations at Cherokee Tribal Facilities”

            J. D. Long, Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians Tribal Utilities


“Planning, Design and Operational Issues That Affect Odor Control at Composting Facilities”

E. Epstein, E&A Environmental Consultants

“Recycling and Biomass Energy”

            G. Garland and R. Green, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

“Lime-Stabilized Soil for Use as a Compost Pad”

            L. Sikora, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Soil Microbial Systems Laboratory


“Improving Composting by Control of the Solid Matrix Structure”

            K.C. Das, E.W. Tollner and M.A. Eiteman, University of Georgia

“Evaluation of Aerated Container Composting of University Pre-Consumer and Post-Consumer Food Waste” (Evaluation of Aerated Container Composting of University pre-consumer and post-consumer Food Waste)

            B. Faucette, K.C. Das, and M. Risse, University of Georgia

“Custom Application of Biofertilizers from Recycled Organic Waste”

            M. O’Farrell, Hungry Mother Organics


“An Overview of Composting Facility Permitting in Region 4 and Current Issues Being Addressed by the United States Environmental Protection Agency that Affect Composting Facility Owners and Operators”

            Davy Simonson, U.S. EPA Region IV Office of Solid Waste

“University of Georgia Composting and Bioconversion Center” (University of Georgia Bioconversion Center)

            E.W. Tollner, University of Georgia

“Home Composting In Context:  Nutrient Flows and Use Efficiency in an American Residential Home Ecosystem”

Don Boekelheide, Mecklenburg County MCPLANT Program