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Option ListList of Options:
Remediation Scenarios and Targeted Options

MPCA staff and Advisory Group were able to identify 18 options for P2 and sustainable activities (P2/S) at remediation sites and organize them into three specific remediation scenarios. In this way, the options were related to activities at cleanup sites. The three scenarios are Redevelopment or Renovation Plan, Ongoing or New Business Operations and Remediation-Only. A site may, in fact, correspond with more than one of these scenarios.

Detailed information for the options listed in the following table is contained in corresponding Option Detail Sheets. You may access the detail sheets using the links provided below. Alternatively, access the detail sheets from the Toolkit, which contains a decision tree to help you focus on the options most appropriate to your site.

The targeted options were chosen according to the potential for enhanced environmental outcomes at remediation sites. The options listed under the Remediation-Only Scenario are strictly within the regulatory authority of MPCA remediation programs. They are consistent with the MPCA Risk-Based Site Evaluation guidelines for incorporating pollution prevention into response action plans. Remediation staff may promote other options that do not relate directly to contaminant clean up to realize enhanced environmental outcomes that protect Minnesota's air, land and water and sustain the global environment. All P2 and sustainable activities are voluntary unless implementation is required to protect against a threatened release or to correct a compliance violation at a remediation site.

Appropriate sites may involve undeveloped or vacated property, property with an existing commercial or industrial operation, or property undergoing redevelopment. MPCA cleanup programs included in this initiative are the Voluntary Investigation and Cleanup (VIC) Program, the Superfund Program and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Corrective Action Program. Although this initiative was not developed with petroleum tank release sites or closed landfill sites in mind, some of the guidelines may be applicable. A majority of the options also apply to uncontaminated sites.



Remediation Only

Sites at which a No Action remedy is not adequate. These sites may be vacant or undeveloped. Examples of P2 or sustainable activity include energy efficient alternatives to groundwater pumpout systems that avoid discharge to WWTPs, such as constructed wetlands; treatment to avoid cross media transfer; and deconstruction of buildings to salvage materials for reuse.

PDF DocumentOption 1-1: In-Situ Treatment

PDF DocumentOption 1-2: Innovative and More Efficient Remedies

PDF DocumentOption 1-3: Constructed Wetland Treatment Systems

PDF DocumentOption 1-4: Natural Habitat Restoration, Enhancement or Replacement - Green Space Development

PDF DocumentOption 1-5: Deconstruction

PDF DocumentOption 1-6: Recyclable or Recovered Environmental Material

Ongoing or New Business Operation

Sites at which a known or threatened (potential) release can be attributed to an operating business or a new business subject to environmental regulations. In some cases MPCA remediation staff is advised to refer such sites to MPCA compliance programs or the MPCA Small Business Assistance Program or Ombudsmen for assistance with implementation of P2 or sustainable activities.

PDF DocumentOption 2-1: Pollution Prevention Evaluation

PDF DocumentOption 2-2: Materials Exchange

PDF DocumentOption 2-3: Reduce Regulatory Burden

PDF DocumentOption 2-4: Environmental Management System Approaches

PDF DocumentOption 2-5: Design for the Environment

Redevelopment/Renovation Plan

Sites, including Brownfields, at which redevelopment or renovation is planned. Remediation staff can assist with appropriate referrals based on their awareness of an intention to redevelop or renovate at the site. Opportunities for P2 and sustainable activity for this scenario that are within direct jurisdiction of MPCA programs include preventing threatened releases of hazardous substances, storm water management, and management of air emissions and hazardous waste. MPCA staff must be sensitive to timelines required by real estate transactions and be willing to forego or abandon plans to pursue opportunities for voluntary P2 or sustainable activities. Opportunities for P2 and sustainable activities outside the strict regulatory jurisdiction should be promoted only in appropriate circumstances and when the voluntary party, responsible party, owner or client is interested. Options 2-1, 2-3 and 2-4 may also be applicable in redevelopment scenarios.

PDF DocumentOption 3-1: Deconstruction

PDF DocumentOption 3-2: Cleanup Remedy Incorporates Development Plan

PDF DocumentOption 3-3: Environmentally Friendly Building & Site Design

PDF DocumentOption 3-4: Environmentally Friendly Office & Property Management

PDF DocumentOption 3-5: Low/No Discharge Stormwater Management Strategies

PDF DocumentOption 3-6: Natural Habitat Restoration, Enhancement or Replacement - Green Space Development

PDF DocumentOption 3-7: Design for the Environment

List of Remediation Scenarios and Targeted Options
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
Enhancing Opportunities for P2 and Sustainable Activities at Remediation Sites

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This document was last updated September 8 , 2000
Copyright 1999, Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
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