|Executive Order 13148
Executive Order 13148 of April 21, 2000
Greening the Government Through Leadership in Environmental
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the
laws of the United States of America, including the Emergency Planning and
Community Right-to-Know Act of 1986 (42 U.S.C. 11001-11050) (EPCRA), the
Pollution Prevention Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 13101-13109) (PPA), the Clean
Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401-7671q) (CAA), and section 301 of title 3, United
States Code, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 101. Federal Environmental Leadership. The head of each Federal
agency is responsible for ensuring that all necessary actions are taken to
integrate environmental accountability into agency day-to-day
decisionmaking and long-term planning processes, across all agency
missions, activities, and functions. Consequently, environmental
management considerations must be a fundamental and integral component of
Federal Government policies, operations, planning, and management. The
head of each Federal agency is responsible for meeting the goals and
requirements of this order.
Sec. 201. Environmental Management. Through development and
implementation of environmental management systems, each agency shall
ensure that strategies are established to support environmental leadership
programs, policies, and procedures and that agency senior level managers
explicitly and actively endorse these strategies.
Sec. 202. Environmental Compliance. Each agency shall comply with
environmental regulations by establishing and implementing environmental
compliance audit programs and policies that emphasize pollution prevention
as a means to both achieve and maintain environmental compliance.
Sec. 203. Right-to-Know and Pollution Prevention. Through timely
planning and reporting under the EPCRA, Federal facilities shall be
leaders and responsible members of their communities by informing the
public and their workers of possible sources of pollution resulting from
facility operations. Each agency shall strive to reduce or eliminate harm
to human health and the environment from releases of pollutants to the
environment. Each agency shall advance the national policy that, whenever
feasible and cost-effective, pollution should be prevented or reduced at
the source. Funding for regulatory compliance programs shall emphasize
pollution prevention as a means to address environmental compliance.
Sec. 204. Release Reduction: Toxic Chemicals. Through innovative
pollution prevention, effective facility management, and sound acquisition
and procurement practices, each agency shall reduce its reported Toxic
Release Inventory (TRI) releases and off-site transfers of toxic chemicals
for treatment and disposal by 10 percent annually, or by 40 percent
overall by December 31, 2006.
Sec. 205. Use Reduction: Toxic Chemicals and Hazardous Substances and
Other Pollutants. Through identification of proven substitutes and
established facility management practices, including pollution prevention,
each agency shall reduce its use of selected toxic chemicals, hazardous
substances, and pollutants, or its generation of hazardous and radioactive
waste types at its facilities by 50 percent by December 31, 2006. If an
agency is unable to reduce the use of selected chemicals, that agency will
reduce the use of selected hazardous substances or its generation of other
pollutants, such as hazardous and radioactive waste types, at its
facilities by 50 percent by December 31, 2006.
Sec. 206. Reductions in Ozone-Depleting Substances. Through evaluating
present and future uses of ozone- depleting substances and maximizing the
purchase and the use of safe, cost effective, and environmentally
preferable alternatives, each agency shall develop a plan to phase out the
procurement of Class I ozone- depleting substances for all nonexcepted
uses by December 31, 2010.
Sec. 207. Environmentally and Economically Beneficial Landscaping. Each
agency shall strive to promote the sustainable management of Federal
facility lands through the implementation of cost-effective,
environmentally sound landscaping practices, and programs to reduce
adverse impacts to the natural environment.
PART 3--PLANNING AND ACCOUNTABILITY
Sec. 301. Annual Budget Submission. Federal agencies shall place high
priority on obtaining funding and resources needed for implementation of
the Greening the Government Executive Orders, including funding to address
findings and recommendations from environmental management system audits
or facility compliance audits conducted under sections 401 and 402 of this
order. Federal agencies shall make such requests as required in Office of
Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-11.
Sec. 302. Application of Life Cycle Assessment Concepts. Each agency
with facilities shall establish a pilot program to apply life cycle
assessment and environmental cost accounting principles. To the maximum
extent feasible and cost-effective, agencies shall apply those principles
elsewhere in the agency to meet the goals and requirements of this order.
Such analysis shall be considered in the process established in the OMB
Capital Programming Guide and OMB Circular A-11. The Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA), in coordination with the Workgroup established in
section 306 of this order, shall, to the extent feasible, assist agencies
in identifying, applying, and developing tools that reflect life cycle
assessment and environmental cost accounting principles and provide
technical assistance to agencies in developing life cycle assessments and
environmental cost accounting assessments under this Part.
Sec. 303. Pollution Prevention to Address Compliance. Each agency shall
ensure that its environmental regulatory compliance funding policies
promote the use of pollution prevention to achieve and maintain
environmental compliance at the agency's facilities. Agencies shall adopt
a policy to preferentially use pollution prevention projects and
activities to correct and prevent noncompliance with environmental
regulatory requirements. Agency funding requests for facility compliance
with Federal, State, and local environmental regulatory requirements shall
emphasize pollution prevention through source reduction as the means of
first choice to ensure compliance, with reuse and recycling alternatives
having second priority as a means of compliance.
Sec. 304. Pollution Prevention Return-on-Investment Programs. Each
agency shall develop and implement a pollution prevention program at its
facilities that compares the life cycle costs of treatment and/or disposal
of waste and pollutant streams to the life cycle costs of alternatives
that eliminate or reduce toxic chemicals or pollutants at the source. Each
agency shall implement those projects that are life- cycle cost-effective,
or otherwise offer substantial environmental or economic benefits.
Sec. 305. Policies, Strategies, and Plans.
Sec. 306. Interagency Environmental Leadership Workgroup.
Within 4 months of the date of this order, EPA shall convene and chair an
Interagency Environmental Leadership Workgroup (the Workgroup) with
senior-level representatives from all executive agencies and other
interested independent Government agencies affected by this order. The
Workgroup shall develop policies and guidance required by this order and
member agencies shall facilitate implementation of the requirements of
this order in their respective agencies. Workgroup members shall
coordinate with their Agency Environmental Executive (AEE) designated
under section 301(d) of Executive Order 13101 and may request the
assistance of their AEE in resolving issues that may arise among members
in developing policies and guidance related to this order. If the AEEs are
unable to resolve the issues, they may request the assistance of the Chair
of the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ).
- Within 12 months of the date of this order, each agency shall ensure
that the goals and requirements of this order are incorporated into
existing agency environmental directives, policies, and documents
affected by the requirements and goals of this order. Where such
directives and policies do not already exist, each agency shall, within
12 months of the date of this order, prepare and endorse a written
agency environmental management strategy to achieve the requirements and
goals of this order. Agency preparation of directives, policies, and
documents shall reflect the nature, scale, and environmental impacts of
the agency's activities, products, or services. Agencies are encouraged
to include elements of relevant agency policies or strategies developed
under this part in agency planning documents prepared under the
Government Performance and Results Act of 1993, Public Law 103-62.
- By March 31, 2002, each agency shall ensure that its facilities
develop a written plan that sets forth the facility's contribution to
the goals and requirements established in this order. The plan should
reflect the size and complexity of the facility. Where pollution
prevention plans or other formal environmental planning instruments have
been prepared for agency facilities, an agency may elect to update those
plans to meet the requirements and goals of this section.
- The Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) Council shall develop
acquisition policies and procedures for contractors to supply agencies
with all information necessary for compliance with this order. Once the
appropriate FAR clauses have been published, agencies shall use them in
all applicable contracts. In addition, to the extent that compliance
with this order is made more difficult due to lack of information from
existing contractors, or concessioners, each agency shall take practical
steps to obtain the information needed to comply with this order from
such contractors or concessioners.
Sec. 307. Annual Reports. Each agency shall submit an annual progress
report to the Administrator on implementation of this order. The reports
shall include a description of the progress that the agency has made in
complying with all aspects of this order, including, but not limited to,
progress in achieving the reduction goals in sections 502, 503, and 505 of
this order. Each agency may prepare and submit the annual report in
electronic format. A copy of the report shall be submitted to the Federal
Environmental Executive (FEE) by EPA for use in the biennial Greening the
Government Report to the President prepared in accordance with Executive
Order 13101. Within 9 months of the date of this order, EPA, in
coordination with the Workgroup established under section 306 of this
order, shall prepare guidance regarding the information and timing for the
annual report. The Workgroup shall coordinate with those agencies
responsible for Federal agency reporting guidance under the Greening the
Government Executive orders to streamline reporting requirements and
reduce agency and facility-level reporting burdens. The first annual
report shall cover calendar year 2000 activities.
PART 4--PROMOTING ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND LEADERSHIP
Sec. 401. Agency and Facility Environmental Management Systems. To
attain the goals of section 201 of this order:
Sec. 402. Facility Compliance Audits. To attain the goals
of section 202 of this order:
- Within 18 months of the date of this order, each agency shall
conduct an agency-level environmental management system self assessment
based on the Code of Environmental Management Principles for Federal
Agencies developed by the EPA (61 Fed. Reg. 54062) and/or another
appropriate environmental management system framework. Each assessment
shall include a review of agency environmental leadership goals,
objectives, and targets. Where appropriate, the assessments may be
conducted at the service, bureau, or other comparable level.
- Within 24 months of the date of this order, each agency shall
implement environmental management systems through pilot projects at
selected agency facilities based on the Code of Environmental Management
Principles for Federal Agencies and/or another appropriate environmental
management system framework. By December 31, 2005, each agency shall
implement an environmental management system at all appropriate agency
facilities based on facility size, complexity, and the environmental
aspects of facility operations. The facility environmental management
system shall include measurable environmental goals, objectives, and
targets that are reviewed and updated annually. Once established,
environmental management system performance measures shall be
incorporated in agency facility audit protocols.
Sec. 403. Environmental Leadership and Agency Awards
- Within 12 months of the date of this order, each agency that does
not have an established regulatory environmental compliance audit
program shall develop and implement a program to conduct facility
environmental compliance audits and begin auditing at its facilities
within 6 months of the development of that program.
- An agency with an established regulatory environmental compliance
audit program may elect to conduct environmental management system
audits in lieu of regulatory environmental compliance audits at selected
- Facility environmental audits shall be conducted periodically. Each
agency is encouraged to conduct audits not less than every 3 years from
the date of the initial or previous audit. The scope and frequency of
audits shall be based on facility size, complexity, and the
environmental aspects of facility operations. As appropriate, each
agency shall include tenant, contractor, and concessioner activities in
- Each agency shall conduct internal reviews and audits and shall take
such other steps, as may be necessary, to monitor its facilities'
compliance with sections 501 and 504 of this order.
- Each agency shall consider findings from the assessments or audits
conducted under Part 4 in program planning under section 301 of this
order and in the preparation and revisions to facility plans prepared
under section 305 of this order.
- Upon request and to the extent practicable, the EPA shall provide
technical assistance in meeting the requirements of Part 4 by conducting
environmental management reviews at Federal facilities and developing
policies and guidance for conducting environmental compliance audits and
implementing environmental management systems at Federal facilities.
Sec. 404. Management Leadership and Performance
- Within 12 months of the date of this order, the Administrator shall
establish a Federal Government environmental leadership program to
promote and recognize outstanding environmental management performance
in agencies and facilities.
- Each agency shall develop an internal agency- wide awards program to
reward and highlight innovative programs and individuals showing
outstanding environmental leadership in implementing this order. In
addition, based upon criteria developed by the EPA in coordination with
the Workgroup established in section 306 of this order, Federal
employees who demonstrate outstanding leadership in implementation of
this order may be considered for recognition under the White House
awards program set forth in section 803 of Executive Order 13101 of
September 14, 1998.
Sec. 405. Compliance Assistance.
- To ensure awareness of and support for the environmental
requirements of this order, each agency shall include training on the
provisions of the Greening the Government Executive orders in standard
senior level management training as well as training for program
managers, contracting personnel, procurement and acquisition personnel,
facility managers, contractors, concessioners, and other personnel as
appropriate. In coordination with the Workgroup established under
section 306 of this order, the EPA shall prepare guidance on
implementation of this section.
- To recognize and reinforce the responsibilities of facility and
senior headquarters program managers, regional environmental
coordinators and officers, their superiors, and, to the extent
practicable and appropriate, others vital to the implementation of this
order, each agency shall include successful implementation of pollution
prevention, community awareness, and environmental management into its
position descriptions and performance evaluations for those positions.
Sec. 406. Compliance Assurance.
- Upon request and to the extent practicable, the EPA shall provide
technical advice and assistance to agencies to foster full compliance
with environmental regulations and all aspects of this order.
- Within 12 months of the date of this order, the EPA shall develop a
compliance assistance center to provide technical assistance for Federal
facility compliance with environmental regulations and all aspects of
- To enhance landscaping options and awareness, the United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA) shall provide information on the
suitability, propagation, and the use of native plants for landscaping
to all agencies and the general public by USDA in conjunction with the
center under subsection (b) of this section. In implementing Part 6 of
this order, agencies are encouraged to develop model demonstration
programs in coordination with the USDA.
Sec. 407. Improving Environmental Management. To ensure
that government-wide goals for pollution prevention are advanced, each
agency is encouraged to incorporate its environmental leadership goals
into its Strategic and Annual Performance Plans required by the Government
Performance and Results Act of 1993, Public Law 103-62, starting with
performance plans accompanying the FY 2002 budget.
- In consultation with other agencies, the EPA may conduct such
reviews and inspections as may be necessary to monitor compliance with
sections 501 and 504 of this order. Each agency is encouraged to
cooperate fully with the efforts of the EPA to ensure compliance with
- Whenever the Administrator notifies an agency that it is not in
compliance with section 501 or 504 of this order, the agency shall
provide the EPA a detailed plan for achieving compliance as promptly as
- The Administrator shall report annually to the President and the
public on agency compliance with the provisions of sections 501 and 504
of this order.
PART 5--EMERGENCY PLANNING, COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW, AND POLLUTION
Sec. 501. Toxics Release Inventory/Pollution Prevention Act Reporting.
To attain the goals of section 203 of this order:
- Each agency shall comply with the provisions set forth in section
313 of EPCRA, section 6607 of PPA, all implementing regulations, and
future amendments to these authorities, in light of applicable EPA
- Each agency shall comply with these provisions without regard to the
Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) or North American Industrial
Classification System (NAICS) delineations. Except as described in
subsection (d) of this section, all other existing statutory or
regulatory limitations or exemptions on the application of EPCRA section
313 to specific activities at specific agency facilities apply to the
reporting requirements set forth in subsection (a) of this section.
- Each agency required to report under subsection (a) of this section
shall do so using electronic reporting as provided in EPA's EPCRA
section 313 guidance.
- Within 12 months of the date of this order, the Administrator shall
review the impact on reporting of existing regulatory exemptions on the
application of EPCRA section 313 at Federal facilities. Where feasible,
this review shall include pilot studies at Federal facilities. If the
review indicates that application of existing exemptions to Federal
Government reporting under this section precludes public reporting of
substantial amounts of toxic chemicals under subsection 501(a), the EPA
shall prepare guidance, in coordination with the Workgroup established
under section 306 of this order, clarifying application of the
exemptions at Federal facilities. In developing the guidance, the EPA
should consider similar application of such regulatory limitations and
exemptions by the private sector. To the extent feasible, the guidance
developed by the EPA shall be consistent with the reasonable application
of such regulatory limitations and exemptions in the private sector. The
guidance shall ensure reporting consistent with the goal of public
access to information under section 313 of EPCRA and section 6607 of
PPA. The guidance shall be submitted to the AEEs established under
section 301(d) of Executive Order 13101 for review and endorsement. Each
agency shall apply any guidance to reporting at its facilities as soon
as practicable but no later than for reporting for the next calendar
year following release of the guidance.
- The EPA shall coordinate with other interested Federal agencies to
carry out pilot projects to collect and disseminate information about
the release and other waste management of chemicals associated with the
environmental response and restoration at their facilities and sites.
The pilot projects will focus on releases and other waste management of
chemicals associated with environmental response and restoration at
facilities and sites where the activities generating wastes do not
otherwise meet EPCRA section 313 thresholds for manufacture, process, or
other use. Each agency is encouraged to identify applicable facilities
and voluntarily report under subsection (a) of this section the releases
and other waste management of toxic chemicals managed during
environmental response and restoration, regardless of whether the
facility otherwise would report under subsection (a). The releases and
other waste management of chemicals associated with environmental
response and restoration voluntarily reported under this subsection will
not be included in the accounting established under sections 503(a) and
(c) of this order.
Sec. 502. Release Reduction: Toxic Chemicals. To attain the goals of
section 204 of this order:
- Beginning with reporting for calendar year 2001 activities, each
agency reporting under section 501 of this order shall adopt a goal of
reducing, where cost effective, the agency's total releases of toxic
chemicals to the environment and off-site transfers of such chemicals
for treatment and disposal by at least 10 percent annually, or by 40
percent overall by December 31, 2006. Beginning with activities for
calendar year 2001, the baseline for measuring progress in meeting the
reduction goal will be the aggregate of all such releases and off-site
transfers of such chemicals for treatment and disposal as reported by
all of the agency's facilities under section 501 of this order. The list
of toxic chemicals applicable to this goal is the EPCRA section 313 list
as of December 1, 2000. If an agency achieves the 40 percent reduction
goal prior to December 31, 2006, that agency shall establish a new
baseline and reduction goal based on agency priorities.
- Where an agency is unable to pursue the reduction goal established
in subsection (a) for certain chemicals that are mission critical and/or
needed to protect human health and the environment or where agency
off-site transfer of toxic chemicals for treatment is directly
associated with environmental restoration activities, that agency may
request a waiver from the EPA for all or part of the requirement in
subsection (a) of this section. As appropriate, waiver requests must
provide: (1) an explanation of the mission critical use of the chemical;
(2) an explanation of the nature of the need for the chemical to protect
human health; (3) a description of efforts to identify a less harmful
substitute chemical or alternative processes to reduce the release and
transfer of the chemical in question; and (4) a description of the
off-site transfers of toxic chemicals for treatment directly associated
with environmental restoration activities. The EPA shall respond to the
waiver request within 90 days and may grant such a waiver for no longer
than 2 years. An agency may resubmit a request for waiver at the end of
that period. The waiver under this section shall not alter requirements
to report under section 501 of this order.
- Where a specific component (e.g., bureau, service, or command)
within an agency achieves a 75 percent reduction in its 1999 reporting
year publicly reported total releases of toxic chemicals to the
environment and off-site transfers of such chemicals for treatment and
disposal, based on the 1994 baseline established in Executive Order
12856, that agency may independently elect to establish a reduction goal
for that component lower than the 40 percent target established in
subsection (a) of this section. The agency shall formally notify the
Workgroup established in section 306 of this order of the elected
Sec. 503. Use Reduction: Toxic Chemicals, Hazardous Substances, and
Other Pollutants. To attain the goals of section 205 of this order:
- Within 18 months of the date of this order, each agency with
facilities shall develop and support goals to reduce the use at such
agencies' facilities of the priority chemicals on the list under
subsection (b) of this section for identified applications and purposes,
or alternative chemicals and pollutants the agency identifies under
subsection (c) of this section, by at least 50 percent by December 31,
- Within 9 months of the date of this order the Administrator, in
coordination with the Workgroup established in section 306 of this
order, shall develop a list of not less than 15 priority chemicals used
by the Federal Government that may result in significant harm to human
health or the environment and that have known, readily available, less
harmful substitutes for identified applications and purposes. In
addition to identifying the applications and purposes to which such
reductions apply, the Administrator, in coordination with the Workgroup
shall identify a usage threshold below which this section shall not
apply. The chemicals will be selected from listed EPCRA section 313
toxic chemicals and, where appropriate, other regulated hazardous
substances or pollutants. In developing the list, the Administrator, in
coordination with the Workgroup shall consider: (1) environmental
factors including toxicity, persistence, and bio-accumulation; (2)
availability of known, less environmentally harmful substitute chemicals
that can be used in place of the priority chemical for identified
applications and purposes; (3) availability of known, less
environmentally harmful processes that can be used in place of the
priority chemical for identified applications and purposes; (4) relative
costs of alternative chemicals or processes; and (5) potential risk and
environmental and human exposure based upon applications and uses of the
chemicals by Federal agencies and facilities. In identifying
alternatives, the Administrator should take into consideration the
guidance issued under section 503 of Executive Order 13101.
- If an agency, which has facilities required to report under EPCRA,
uses at its facilities less than five of the priority chemicals on the
list developed in subsection (b) of this section for the identified
applications and purposes, the agency shall develop, within 12 months of
the date of this order, a list of not less than five chemicals that may
include priority chemicals under subsection (b) of this section or other
toxic chemicals, hazardous substances, and/or other pollutants the
agency uses or generates, the release, transfer or waste management of
which may result in significant harm to human health or the environment.
- In lieu of requirements under subsection (a) of this section, an
agency may, upon concurrence with the Workgroup established under
section 306 of this order, develop within 12 months of the date of this
order, a list of not less than five priority hazardous or radioactive
waste types generated by its facilities. Within 18 months of the date of
this order, the agency shall develop and support goals to reduce the
agency's generation of these wastes by at least 50 percent by December
31, 2006. To the maximum extent possible, such reductions shall be
achieved by implementing source reduction practices.
- The baseline for measuring reductions for purposes of achieving the
50 percent reduction goal in subsections (a) and (d) of this section for
each agency is the first calendar year following the development of the
list of priority chemicals under subsection (b) of this section.
- Each agency shall undertake pilot projects at selected facilities to
gather and make publicly available materials accounting data related to
the toxic chemicals, hazardous substances, and/or other pollutants
identified under subsections (b), (c), or (d) of this section.
- Within 12 months of the date of this order, the Administrator shall
develop guidance on implementing this section in coordination with the
Workgroup. The EPA shall develop technical assistance materials to
assist agencies in meeting the 50 percent reduction goal of this
- Where an agency can demonstrate to the Workgroup that it has
previously reduced the use of a priority chemical identified in
subsection 503(b) by 50 percent, then the agency may elect to waive the
50 percent reduction goal for that chemical.
Sec. 504. Emergency Planning and Reporting Responsibilities. Each
agency shall comply with the provisions set forth in sections 301 through
312 of the EPCRA, all implementing regulations, and any future amendments
to these authorities, in light of any applicable guidance as provided by
Sec. 505. Reductions in Ozone-Depleting Substances. To attain the goals
of section 206 of this order:
PART 6--LANDSCAPING MANAGEMENT PRACTICES
- Each agency shall ensure that its facilities: (1) maximize the use
of safe alternatives to ozone- depleting substances, as approved by the
EPA's Significant New Alternatives Policy (SNAP) program; (2) consistent
with subsection (b) of this section, evaluate the present and future
uses of ozone-depleting substances, including making assessments of
existing and future needs for such materials, and evaluate use of, and
plans for recycling, refrigerants, and halons; and (3) exercise
leadership, develop exemplary practices, and disseminate information on
successful efforts in phasing out ozone-depleting substances.
- Within 12 months of the date of this order, each agency shall
develop a plan to phase out the procurement of Class I ozone-depleting
substances for all nonexcepted uses by December 31, 2010. Plans should
target cost effective reduction of environmental risk by phasing out
Class I ozone depleting substance applications as the equipment using
those substances reaches its expected service life. Exceptions to this
requirement include all exceptions found in current or future applicable
law, treaty, regulation, or Executive order.
- Each agency shall amend its personal property management policies
and procedures to preclude disposal of ozone depleting substances
removed or reclaimed from its facilities or equipment, including
disposal as part of a contract, trade, or donation, without prior
coordination with the Department of Defense (DoD). Where the recovered
ozone-depleting substance is a critical requirement for DoD missions,
the agency shall transfer the materials to the DoD. The DoD will bear
the costs of such transfer.
Sec. 601. Implementation.
Sec. 602. Technical Assistance and Outreach. The EPA, the
General Services Administration (GSA), and the USDA shall provide
technical assistance in accordance with their respective authorities on
environmentally and economically beneficial landscaping practices to
agencies and their facilities.
- Within 12 months from the date of this order, each agency shall
incorporate the Guidance for Presidential Memorandum on Environmentally
and Economically Beneficial Landscape Practices on Federal Landscaped
Grounds (60 Fed. Reg. 40837) developed by the FEE into landscaping
programs, policies, and practices.
- Within 12 months of the date of this order, the FEE shall form a
workgroup of appropriate Federal agency representatives to review and
update the guidance in subsection (a) of this section, as appropriate.
- Each agency providing funding for nonfederal projects involving
landscaping projects shall furnish funding recipients with information
on environmentally and economically beneficial landscaping practices and
work with the recipients to support and encourage application of such
practices on Federally funded projects.
PART 7--ACQUISITION AND PROCUREMENT
Sec. 701. Limiting Procurement of Toxic Chemicals, Hazardous
Substances, and Other Pollutants.
Sec. 702. Environmentally Benign Adhesives. Within 12
months after environmentally benign pressure sensitive adhesives for paper
products become commercially available, each agency shall revise its
specifications for paper products using adhesives and direct the purchase
of paper products using those adhesives, whenever technically practicable
and cost effective. Each agency should consider products using the
environmentally benign pressure sensitive adhesives approved by the U.S.
Postal Service (USPS) and listed on the USPS Qualified Products List for
pressure sensitive recyclable adhesives.
- Within 12 months of the date of this order, each agency shall
implement training programs to ensure that agency procurement officials
and acquisition program managers are aware of the requirements of this
order and its applicability to those individuals.
- Within 24 months of the date of this order, each agency shall
determine the feasibility of implementing centralized procurement and
distribution (e.g., "pharmacy") programs at its facilities for tracking,
distribution, and management of toxic or hazardous materials and, where
appropriate, implement such programs.
- Under established schedules for review of standardized documents,
DoD and GSA, and other agencies, as appropriate, shall review their
standardized documents and identify opportunities to eliminate or reduce
their use of chemicals included on the list of priority chemicals
developed by the EPA under subsection 503(b) of this order, and make
revisions as appropriate.
- Each agency shall follow the policies and procedures for toxic
chemical release reporting in accordance with FAR section 23.9 effective
as of the date of this order and policies and procedures on Federal
compliance with right-to-know laws and pollution prevention requirements
in accordance with FAR section 23.10 effective as of the date of this
Sec. 703. Ozone-Depleting Substances. Each agency shall follow the
policies and procedures for the acquisition of items that contain, use, or
are manufactured with ozone-depleting substances in accordance with FAR
section 23.8 and other applicable FAR provisions.
Sec. 704. Environmentally and Economically Beneficial Landscaping
- Within 18 months of the date of this order, each agency shall have
in place acquisition and procurement practices, including provision of
landscaping services that conform to the guidance referred to in section
601 of this order, for the use of environmentally and economically
beneficial landscaping practices. At a minimum, such practices shall be
consistent with the policies in the guidance referred to in section 601
of this order.
- In implementing landscaping policies, each agency shall purchase
environmentally preferable and recycled content products, including
EPA-designated items such as compost and mulch, that contribute to
environmentally and economically beneficial practices.
Sec. 801. National Security Exemptions. Subject to subsection 902(c) of
this order and except as otherwise required by applicable law, in the
interest of national security, the head of any agency may request from the
President an exemption from complying with the provisions of any or all
provisions of this order for particular agency facilities, provided that
the procedures set forth in section 120(j)(1) of the Comprehensive
Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980, as
amended (42 U.S.C. 9620(j)(1)), are followed, with the following
exceptions: (a) an exemption issued under this section will be for a
specified period of time that may exceed 1 year; (b) notice of any
exemption granted under this section for provisions not otherwise required
by law is only required to the Director of OMB, the Chair of the CEQ, and
the Director of the National Security Council; and (c) an exemption under
this section may be issued due to lack of appropriations, provided that
the head of the agency requesting the exemption shows that necessary funds
were requested by the agency in its budget submission and agency plan
under Executive Order 12088 of October 13, 1978, and were not contained in
the President's budget request or the Congress failed to make available
the requested appropriation. To the maximum extent practicable, and
without compromising national security, each agency shall strive to comply
with the purposes, goals, and implementation steps in this order. Nothing
in this order affects limitations on the dissemination of classified
information pursuant to law, regulation, or Executive order.
Sec. 802. Compliance. After January 1, 2002, OMB, in consultation with
the Chair of the Workgroup established by section 306 of this order, may
modify the compliance requirements for an agency under this order, if the
agency is unable to comply with the requirements of the order. An agency
requesting modification must show that it has made substantial good faith
efforts to comply with the order. The cost- effectiveness of
implementation of the order can be a factor in OMB's decision to modify
the requirements for that agency's compliance with the order.
PART 9--GENERAL PROVISIONS
Sec. 901. Revocation. Executive Order 12843 of April 21, 1993,
Executive Order 12856 of August 3, 1993, the Executive Memorandum on
Environmentally Beneficial Landscaping of April 26, 1994, Executive Order
12969 of August 8, 1995, and section 1-4. "Pollution Control Plan" of
Executive Order 12088 of October 13, 1978, are revoked.
Sec. 902. Limitations.
Sec. 903. Community Outreach. Each agency is encouraged
to establish a process for local community advice and outreach for its
facilities relevant to aspects of this and other related Greening the
Government Executive orders. All strategies and plans developed under this
order shall be made available to the public upon request.
- This order is intended only to improve the internal management of
the executive branch and is not intended to create any right, benefit,
or trust responsibility, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law
by a party against the United States, its agencies, its officers, or any
- This order applies to Federal facilities in any State of the United
States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam,
American Samoa, the United States Virgin Islands, the Northern Mariana
Islands, and any other territory or possession over which the United
States has jurisdiction. Each agency with facilities outside of these
areas, however, is encouraged to make best efforts to comply with the
goals of this order for those facilities.
- Nothing in this order alters the obligations under EPCRA, PPA, and
CAA independent of this order for Government-owned, contractor-operated
facilities and Government corporations owning or operating facilities or
subjects such facilities to EPCRA , PPA, or CAA if they are otherwise
excluded. However, each agency shall include the releases and other
waste management of chemicals for all such facilities to meet the
agency's reporting responsibilities under section 501 of this order.
- Nothing in this order shall be construed to make the provisions of
CAA sections 304 and EPCRA sections 325 and 326 applicable to any agency
or facility, except to the extent that an agency or facility would
independently be subject to such provisions.
For purposes of this order:
Sec. 1001. General. Terms that are not defined in this part but that
are defined in Executive Orders 13101 and 13123 have the meaning given in
those Executive orders. For the purposes of Part 5 of this order all
definitions in EPCRA and PPA and implementing regulations at 40 CFR Parts
370 and 372 apply.
Sec. 1002. "Administrator" means the Administrator of the EPA.
Sec. 1003. "Environmental cost accounting" means the modification of
cost attribution systems and financial analysis practices specifically to
directly track environmental costs that are traditionally hidden in
overhead accounts to the responsible products, processes, facilities or
Sec. 1004. "Facility" means any building, installation, structure,
land, and other property owned or operated by, or constructed or
manufactured and leased to, the Federal Government, where the Federal
Government is formally accountable for compliance under environmental
regulation (e.g., permits, reports/ records and/or planning requirements)
with requirements pertaining to discharge, emission, release, spill, or
management of any waste, contaminant, hazardous chemical, or pollutant.
This term includes a group of facilities at a single location managed as
an integrated operation, as well as government owned contractor operated
Sec. 1005. "Environmentally benign pressure sensitive adhesives" means
adhesives for stamps, labels, and other paper products that can be easily
treated and removed during the paper recycling process.
Sec. 1006. "Ozone-depleting substance" means any substance designated
as a Class I or Class II substance by EPA in 40 CFR Part 82.
Sec. 1007. "Pollution prevention" means "source reduction," as defined
in the PPA, and other practices that reduce or eliminate the creation of
pollutants through: (a) increased efficiency in the use of raw materials,
energy, water, or other resources; or (b) protection of natural resources
Sec. 1008. "Greening the Government Executive orders" means this order
and the series of orders on greening the government including Executive
Order 13101 of September 14, 1998, Executive Order 13123 of June 3, 1999,
Executive Order 13134 of August 12, 1999, and other future orders as
Sec. 1009. "Environmental aspects" means the elements of an
organization's activities, products, or services that can interact with
THE WHITE HOUSE,
April 21, 2000.