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United States of America
Wednesday, May 25, 2022

Experts warn that “the world will have to prepare for extreme weather events”

The 26th edition of the United Nations Conference on Climate Change (COP26), which took place in Glasgow, Scotland, left many climate change specialists with a sour taste in their mouths. While important agreements were kept for our planet, such as maintaining the commitment to contain global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and no more, there is still much to do.

According to projections from the Climate Action Tracker, the world needs to reduce the rate of greenhouse gas emissions by almost 27,000 million metric tons per year to limit global warming to 1.5 ° C by 2030. However, what was agreed in the COP26, enough for about a quarter of the way. This mainly due to a last minute change in the text of the final agreement regarding the use of fossil fuels. The amendment meant that we now speak of a “phase-out”, rather than “elimination” of carbon.

“Unfortunately the Glasgow Agreement is insufficient to respond to the climate crisis. Although they have reached a final document that shows some progress, criticism from social organizations is that it does not contain exact dates for the specific reduction of emissions or amounts, especially on the issue of finance for adaptation ” said Henry Córdova, National Coordinator of the Citizen Movement against Climate Change (MOCICC).

The expert pointed out that by not having definitive agreements on controversial points, such as clarifying the carbon market chapter and defining global financing for adaptation to climate change, it is expected that the scenario to be faced by 2030 and 2050 is the least desired according to the projections of the panel of scientists.

“The bad news is that if each government does what it promises, the world will still face a catastrophic temperature rise of around 2 ° C. In the final declaration agreed in Glasgow, it is admitted with alarm and utmost concern that global warming is already at 1.1 degrees ”, he explains.

Córdova added that in the face of enormous pressure from the scientific world due to the growing impacts of climate change, the United States and the European Union have made a special call for countries to toughen their goals for 2030.

“This request is, at heart, a direct message to countries like China, India and Brazil, whose short-term plans are not aligned with the 45% reduction in emissions that is needed by 2030. The mere mention of fuels fossils has generated the blocking of negotiations for many hours with clear and public opposition from countries such as Saudi Arabia, India, South Africa, Nigeria and Venezuela ”, he said.

Finally, the specialist remarked that the agreement reached at COP26 does not generate a legal link, that is, an obligation for the countries to act and is limited to expressing invitations, recommendations and requests without specifying measures, clear times and a real commitment to financing.

“The agreements reached at COP 26 will not solve the climate crisis, and the world will have to prepare for a scenario of extreme climatic events for the next few years. Being Peru a highly vulnerable country, it is necessary to work on an internal climate agenda that is ambitious in terms of adaptation. The declaration of a climate emergency in Peru should involve articulating the general policy of the Government from a climate change approach, prioritizing the care of forests and working for an energy policy that is committed to a just and orderly transition, “concluded Córdova.

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