Faced with the report of cases of monkeypox in some countries, including Argentina – which also represents the first contagion in Latin America – the Ministry of Health (minsa) urged Peruvians to be alert by maintaining preventive measures such as hand washing, since if a case is detected early, the spread of the virus can be avoided.
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“This disease is a zoonosis (the virus passed from animals to humans) that appeared in central Africa and is now transmitted from human to human and cases are being found in countries in Europe and the USA. It begins with fever, headache, malaise general (…) from the second or third day welts will appear on the skin such as on the face, on the neck and they spread to the rest of the body and these can last two to three weeks forming scabs on the skin”, reported the infectious disease doctor from the National Institute of Health (INS), César Cabezas Sánchez.
The specialist pointed out that early detection of cases is important and to make the diagnosis three fundamental pillars are needed: the epidemiological factor (contacts, travel), clinical manifestations and laboratory confirmation through a molecular test.
Yes one person has any symptoms, the expert recommended going to the nearest health facility so that it is evaluated by health professionals and they can determine the diagnosis, because there are other diseases such as chicken pox, measles, rubella which may initially be confused with monkeypox.
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In this sense, he highlighted the importance of hand washing with soap and water or alcohol gel. He argued that these habits not only protect us from this disease, but from other infections. On the other hand, he indicated that the mask must continue to be used. “These measures that we have adopted during the pandemic must be maintained“, held.
Last May 20 the Minsa issued the epidemiological alert to public and private health facilities throughout Peru, in order to identify, notify and investigate compatible cases of monkey pox.
What is monkeypox?
Monkey pox or ‘monkeypox’ has been confirmed in several countries in Europe, America, and Latin America, and cases are on the rise.
Regarding the disease, the National Center for Epidemiology, Disease Prevention and Control (CDC Peru), explained that the incubation period is 6 to 16 days, although it can vary between 5 and 21 days.
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In addition, he specified that the infection has two periods: the first called the “invasion period”, which lasts between days 0 and 5, and presents symptoms such as fever, severe headache, lymphadenopathy, lumbar pain, myalgia and severe asthenia.
Meanwhile he second period of “rash”, lasts 1-3 days after the onset of fever; that is, when the different phases of the rash appear, which usually affects the face first and then spreads to the rest of the body.
CDC Peru commented that the skin lesions can affect the face, palms and soles and other areas, they are of increased consistency, deep, well circumscribed and umbilicated.
How is monkeypox spread?
It is transmitted by contact with skin lesions of an infected person or with contaminated objects with the patient’s fluids. It can also be transmitted through droplets of saliva that are produced when speaking, coughing or sneezing.