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More than 80% of public and private educational establishments have some problem with their infrastructure | REPORT

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A few weeks after starting face-to-face classes in the country, the president peter castle He said in Lambayeque that he will declare education in a state of emergency. “We are going to schedule the infrastructure at the national level of all educational institutions to declare the education of the Peruvian people an emergency”he declared.

READ ALSO | Average daily vaccination of children was reduced by 40% in the last week: Is it feasible to return to school?

In Peru there are a total of 111,654 public and private educational services. At the beginning of January, 83.2% were enabled to offer classes with some degree of attendance. This fact occurred because, according to the Safe Return Tracking and Alert System complied with the social and biosafety conditions.

However, and despite the fact that at the end of August the Government had already declared the national education system in an emergency, through a regulation that provided for the approval and publication of the Educational Emergency Plan with measures for the return to classes, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) has reported that to date 7 out of 10 public schools require better infrastructure.

In the same way, Rosendo Serna, Minister of Educationdeclared before the Special Commission COVID-19 of the Congress of the Republicthat 39.3% of all public educational premises are at risk of demolition.

The Data Unit analyzed the figures Overview of the Educational Reality according to the records of all the regional directorates of education in the country and found that 84% of educational premises of public and private schools have risk information.

In the regions of Amazon, Huancavelica and Pasco 100% of its premises present some type of problem: poor infrastructure; absence of sinks, water and drainage, furniture; lack of maintenance; windows that cannot be opened; closed and unconditioned spaces, among others.

Another 13 regions have more than 90% of their educational premises with risk information: Ancash, Apurímac, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Huánuco, Loreto, Madre de Dios, Moquegua, Puno, San Martín, Tumbes and Ucayali.

Similarly, until 2021, 29% of educational premises of public and private institutions were at risk of demolition. In other words, more than 70% of its infrastructure requires total replacement. In the regions of Puno, Huánuco, Cusco, Ayacucho, Amazonas, Apurimac and Cajamarcamore than 40% of premises have this problem and nothing has been done to solve it yet.

urgent measures

Between 2020 and 2021, around 350 thousand students from private schools migrated to public schools. “There is an increase in the demand for face-to-face educational services”it says Daniel Contreras, UNICEF Education Specialist. As he explains, due to this situation, more spaces, furniture, teachers, educational material, and a review of the protocols on physical distancing in the classrooms are required.

Contreras mentions that although the problem of poor educational infrastructure has been dragging on for 20 years and probably requires a long-term solution, emergency alternatives must be found that can ensure a safe return to school.

“The abandonment in which some educational institutions could be is a problem that adds to the already existing deficiencies and that must be solved immediately”maintains the expert who emphasizes that the complete development of the country is at stake in the following times. “Peru faces a challenge in which the only option is to reopen schools because students and learning must be recovered”he emphasizes.

Budget execution

According to reports issued by the country’s regional education directorates, on average only 49% of educational facilities nationwide have toilets in good condition. Only Tacna, Ica and Arequipa They have more than 60% of premises with adequate hygienic services. The regions with the lowest percentage of services in optimal conditions are Puno, Apurimac, Pasco and Huancavelica.

During 2020 and 2021, the Ministry of Education (Minedu) made transfers of resources for the maintenance and purchase of masks, sinks, and even for infrastructure improvements.

To date, only 58% of the fund for masks has been executed, on average, which exceeded 154 million soles. Mother of God and Lambayeque executed less than 2% of the transferred fund, while Metropolitan Lima and Pasco barely exceed 15%. Another six regions do not reach 50% execution.

For its part, although the average execution of the fund of more than 37 million soles for the purchase and maintenance of sinks exceeds 90%, during 2021 the Comptroller of the Republic issued different reports in which it indicates that not all educational institutions spent the money for this purpose. Furthermore, no region executed 100% of the funds.

A few weeks before the start of classes, organizations such as Unicef ​​have spoken out and have asked the government to provide the conditions for a safe return. “There are more than 700 thousand students who have not abandoned their studies or have been about to do so”says Contreras, who emphasizes that it is still not known what has been the affectation of learning. “Measures have to be taken. We can not wait any longer”he warns.


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