Faced with the third wave of coronavirus and the increase in cases of contagion of the omicron variant of the COVID-19In recent days, the arrival of several people to the different points has been reported to pass the discard test for free to find out whether or not they are infected by the SARS-CoV-2 virus.
Therefore, the Ministry of Health (Minsa) ordered that various vaccination centers expand their services and also carry out the diagnosis COVID-19 free in properly conditioned spaces. Yet many people wonder At what point should I have a test? Which is the most suitable for my situation?
Luis Pampa, infectious disease doctor of the National Institute of Health (INS) of the Minsa, detailed that the indications of tests are different in the different groups, that is, in both symptomatic and asymptomatic patients.
What if the person has symptoms?
The representative of the Minsa explained that to look for the diagnosis in the people with symptoms can perform two tests: molecular or antigenic nasal swab. Which means that as soon as they appear symptoms such as rhinorrhea (runny nose), coughing, or sneezing either of those tests should be done.
It should be detailed that the molecular detect the genetic material of the virus (RNA), that is, the virus itself, in samples of nasal or oral mucosa taken from patients. It is essential that this test is performed when there is a higher viral load in the entire nose and throat area.
After the first week, the amount of virus decreases and the molecular test it ceases to be effective at that time. This type of tests are reliable, but they need a laboratory to obtain their results.
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Currently, there are about 53 public laboratories suitable for the processing of molecular tests and 122 in total nationwide.
The rapid diagnostic tests Based on antigens, they also detect the virus, but they do not look for the genetic material, but rather identify the proteins found on the outside. This sample is taken by means of a nasopharyngeal swab and the result is obtained in less than half an hour, as it does not require a laboratory for processing.
What if I have no symptoms?
The infectologist Luis Pampa commented that, in the case of asymptomatic, the only test that allows locating the diagnosis is the molecular one and the ideal period is on the fifth day after having had direct contact with the person infected with COVID-19.
“ORmicron has shown that the incubation period has decreased, before we could wait between 2 to 14 days. Now between day 3 to 5, most patients can make symptoms “, he asserted.
Tips for infected
Luis Pampa recalled that both symptomatic and asymptomatic must strictly comply with:
- Early isolation.
- Hydration and symptomatic medication.
- No self-medication (no antibiotics, no corticosteroids)
- Oxygen saturation control.
Where are the points for discard tests?
To know the points at the national level of detection and discard of the COVID-19, people can enter https://www.gob.pe/puntoscovid.
In Metropolitan Lima, the free discard points are:
- Campo de Marte de Jesús María, IPD Bayóvar Sports Complex in San Juan de Lurigancho, Videna de San Luis, Huiracocha Zonal Park in San Juan de Lurigancho, Mayta Cápac Zonal Park in San Martín de Porres, Sinchi Roca de Comas Park and Sports Complex of Stone bridge.
- It is also attended at the Chancas de Andahuaylas Stadium in Santa Anita, the Ollantaytambo de Ate Stadium, the Pachacútec de Chaclacayo Stadium, the Barbones de El Agustino Barracks, the Comprehensive Center for the Elderly Care (CIAM) in La Molina and the Solís García de Lurigancho Municipal Stadium. Chosica.
At all the points mentioned, the attention is from 8 am to 5 pm
According to the criteria of