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Vaccination of children: five keys of the protocol for the immunization of children between 5 and 11 years of age

Vaccination against COVID-19 in children from 5 to 11 years old, the last age group authorized to receive the doses, would begin next week with the arrival of the first batch of vaccines from the Pfizer laboratory, the Minister of Health, Hernando Cevallos, announced yesterday.

READ ALSO | COVID-19: What is the situation of the Peruvian health system in the face of the third wave and the rapid advance of the omicron?

As planned, the batch arrives in the country on January 18, so the immunization process would start between the 19th and 20th of this month.

This seeks to protect this age group who are also vulnerable to the spread of the virus. According to the Minsa, as of January 6, 2022 There is a total of 829 boys and girls under 12 years of age who died from COVID -19.

This Thursday was published protocol to be followed in this vaccination.

1. Type of vaccine

According to the protocol published by the minsa, will use the vaccine Comirnaty 10 micrograms/dose from the laboratory Pfizer.

This vaccine was licensed by the General Directorate of Medicines, Supplies and Drugs (Digemid) on December 15. The dose from 5 to 11 years has the Conditional Sanitary Registration N°BEC0009-Pfizer. This registration is valid for one year, renewable for the same period.

It is a vaccine that is 90.7% effective in preventing COVID-19, based on evaluation by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use authorization.

It is recalled that vaccines can generate the following possible adverse events: pain at the injection site, tiredness, headache, redness and swelling at the injection site, muscle pain and chills.

READ ALSO | Third wave of COVID-19: people over 50 years of age must prove three doses to enter shopping centers and other closed spaces

2. Vaccination order

The Minsa protocol specifies that the vaccination of children will be carried out by groups as follows:

First group:

a) children aged 5 to 11 years with comorbidities and immunosuppression

b) children from 10 to 11 years old.

Second group: children 8 to 9 years old

Third group: children from 5 to 7 years.

For rural, dispersed or difficult-to-reach populations, it will be programmed vaccination of the entire target population residing in that territory, regardless of age group.

3. Vaccination centers

For the vaccination of this age group, the Minsa indicates that educational institutions “will be considered mostly vaccination centers, according to the list provided by the Minedu for the vaccination of the school population from 5 years of age, adding to the population from 12 to 17 for being part of the educational population”.

The possibility of applying the COVID-19 vaccine to this population through mobile vaccination points is also established, under the house-to-house mode.

4. Procedure

The protocol indicates that boys and girls between the ages of 5 and 11 must attend the vaccination point with one of their parents, guardian or relative over 18 years of age (responsible for ensuring the care of the minor, during the 72 hours after immunization).

Prior to vaccination against COVID-19 the father/mother, guardian or relative over 18 years of age, must present the document of “Expression of Informed Consent” duly signed.

The identification of the minor will be with the verification of the National Identity Document (DNI) or Immigration Card (CE); If they are undocumented, an identification code will be given for the vaccination record.

After vaccination, minors should remain under observation for 15 to 30 minutes.

5. Positive cases and other vaccines

According to the protocol, those boys or girls who have had a mild picture of COVID-19 without the need for oxygen or hospitalization can receive the vaccine 14 days after discharge.

If the boy or girl presented a severe case of COVID-19 requiring oxygen and/or hospitalization, can be vaccinated 90 days after discharge.

In addition, it is indicated that this vaccine can be given simultaneously with the HPV or Influenza vaccine. In case of other vaccines, it should be given at an interval of 15 days.

The vaccination against COVID-19 “It is not contraindicated in children with allergies to food, animals, insects, environmental allergens, latex or other allergies,” they indicate.

Finally, it is recalled that vaccination is voluntary.

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The Minister of Health, Hernando Cevallos, announced yesterday a new change in the restrictive measures in the face of the significant increase in positive cases of COVID-19. As he explained, the country went from 26,000 to 81,000 infections per week. And in Lima and Callao more than 80% of cases are of the omicron variant.

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